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Infertility is not just a problem for women, in many cases the male plays an important role in the occurrence of infertility, but the health of the sperm has been linked to the concept of masculinity, which makes talking about the issue of male fertility difficult in many societies. Male infertility is caused by a disturbance in the number, movement, or vitality of sperm, so that these sperms are not able to reach the egg and fertilize it, and in most cases the semen analysis is sufficient to judge the fertility of a man. What are the characteristics of the semen best for the occurrence of pregnancy.

What are the best semen characteristics for pregnancy?

The characteristics of semen change from one person to another, and its characteristics change from time to time for the same person and this is completely normal, but there are some characteristics that must be present in order to say that semen is normal and suitable for the occurrence of pregnancy, and this includes the quantity, movement and shape of sperm. Semen quality is evaluated through a set of special laboratory measurements, namely:

The amount or number of sperms: There are millions of sperms in the ejaculatory fluid, but a few hundred of them are able to reach the fallopian tube where the egg is located, so it is natural that as the number of sperms decreases, some of them will become more difficult to reach the egg and if the deficiency is severe, it may be impossible to reach any Sperm to the right place for fertilization to occur. A good sperm count is considered if the semen that was released during one ejaculation contains at least 15 million sperms per milliliter.

Sperm movement: In order to reach the egg and fertilize it, the sperm must move through the cervix and the uterine cavity until reaching the place where the egg is located, and fertility is likely to be good in a male if at least 40% of the sperm is able to move Well, which means it moves smoothly forward and not rotational or backward motions.

Structure or shape: Normal sperms have oval heads and long tails that work together in harmony, and the shape of the sperm plays a role in fertility, so the higher the number of normal sperms, the greater the chance of pregnancy, but the shape is less important in determining fertility than the number of sperms and their ability to move.

If you and your husband are facing a problem during pregnancy, your doctor will ask your husband to do a semen analysis as a first step, because the semen analysis gives a broad and good idea about a man's fertility, and based on the results of this analysis, the doctor will decide the next step.

What are the most important recommendations before a semen sample is taken?

There are some conditions and recommendations that must be adhered to to ensure the accuracy of the analyzes, the most important of which are:

A sample of ejaculatory fluid can be taken in the laboratory, or at home, provided that the sample is kept at room temperature, and the laboratory must be reached quickly and not be more than an hour late.

Avoid the marital relationship for a period of not less than two days before the analysis.

• It is preferable not to avoid the practice of the marital relationship for a long time. Avoiding the marital relationship for a period longer than two weeks will lead to a weakening of the sperm movement and may give false results.

Avoid drinking alcohol before the test.

• It is important for a man to tell his doctor about all the medicines he takes. Some medicines, such as male hormones, and medicines that athletes use to build muscles, and some sedatives may affect the results of the analysis.

What are the causes of fertility problems in men?

Many medical problems and conditions can contribute to a man's fertility problems, including the following:

• Glandular and hormonal disorders in the pituitary gland and other glands that control male hormones and control sperm production.

Problems with the testicles, such as a trauma or a tumor in the testicle.

Disturbances in the way the sperm is transported from the testicle to the outside.

Age can also play a role in that, as the ability of sperm to move and the percentage of normal sperms tend to decrease with age, which affects fertility, especially after the age of fifty.

How to maintain the health of the semen?

Simple steps can be taken to increase the chance of producing healthy, normal sperm, for example:

• Eating healthy food: There are many good nutritional elements that must be consumed, such as lean meat and healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables. On the other hand, there are dietary habits that must be eliminated, such as eating processed foods such as pizza, processed meats and sweets.

• Exercise regularly, but do not overdo it: It has been shown that light exercise can increase the quantity of sperm and improve their movement and shape, and weight is another important factor, maintaining a healthy weight helps improve the quality of semen.

Walking for a quarter of an hour a day or doing some push-ups will boost hormones, blood flow and sex drive, in contrast, intense physical activity, especially cycling and mountain climbing, is associated with decreased semen quality.

Avoid drinking alcohol or caffeine: You should limit your intake of caffeinated drinks, as consuming more than three cups a day is harmful, and drinking alcohol reduces the number of sperm and their ability to move.

Avoid certain chemicals and products: Some chemicals that cause fertility disorders may be found in the workplace, in the air, or perhaps even in personal care products. These chemicals can affect every aspect of sperm, such as number, movement, and shape.


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